What is MS?

Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition of the central nervous system, interfering with nerve impulses within the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. It is characterised by sclerosis a Greek word meaning scars. These scars occur within the central nervous system and depending on where they develop, manifest into various symptoms.

MS affects over 23,000 in Australia and more than two million diagnosed worldwide. Most people are diagnosed between the ages of 20-40, but it can affect younger and older people too. Roughly three times as many women have MS as men.

There is currently no known cure for MS, however there are a number of treatment options available to help manage symptoms and slow progression of the disease.

MS symptoms are varied and unpredictable, depending on which part of the central nervous system is affected and to what degree.

The symptoms can be any combination of the five major health problems, including:

  • Motor control - muscular spasms and problems with weakness, coordination, balance and functioning of the arms and legs
  • Fatigue - including heat sensitivity
  • Other neurological symptoms - including vertigo, pins and needles, neuralgia and visual disturbances
  • Continence problems - including bladder incontinence and constipation
  • Neuropsychological symptoms - including memory loss, depression and cognitive difficulties

Resource: MS Australia at http://www.msaustralia.org.au/what-is-ms

No comments:

Post a Comment